EUNADICS-AV project, WP 7 kick-off meeting

The kick-off meeting of work package 7 of the EU project “European Natural Airborne Disaster Information and Coordination System for Aviation (EUNADICS_AV)” took place on May 30, 2017 at Department of Computer Sciences, Aerospace Research Salzburg, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg (WP 7 lead).

In the fruitful meeting, planned work of work package 7 has been discussed in detail.
For details on the EUNADICS-AV project see: http://www.eunadics.eu/

Project EUNADICS-AV – European Natural Airborne Disaster Information and Coordination System for Aviation

Duration:
Oct 2016 – Oct 2019

Goal:
The HORIZON-2020 project EUNADICS-AV intends to close the gap in data and information availability, enabling all stakeholders in the aviation system to obtain fast, coherent and consistent information. This greatly enhances capability to respond to disasters effectively and efficiently, minimizing system downtimes and thus economic damage while enhancing the safety of millions of passengers.

Methodology:
The operational meteorological community and infrastructure in Europe plays a decisive role in the effort to strengthen disaster resilience. (Network of European National Meteorological Services (NMSs), EIG EUMETNET). It is well recognized that hydro-meteorological events constitute the large majority of all disasters that occur worldwide. In addition to the METEOALARM program, work is needed with regard to a hazard category that we refer to as “airborne hazards” (environmental emergency scenarios), including volcano eruptions, nuclear accidents, forest fires and desert dust events. Therefore, the logical next step is the expansion of EUMETNET activities into the emergency response coordination area.

Another aspect to be addressed in the project are the joint availability of hazard measurements performed at national level in near-real-time for the coordinated situation assessment, and the exploration of possibilities of civil-military cooperation, including flexible use of airspace and the utilization of military infrastructure to perform measurements.

University of Salzburg is assigned with:
• Fast-time simulation based case studies of selected natural disaster events including risk and exposure evaluation and impact assessment
• Detailed Human-in-the-Loop exercises of assumed disaster events including the reaction chains with major stakeholders involved: European Aviation Crisis Coordination Cell (EACCC), the Air Traffic Management (ATM) and Air Traffic Control (ATC) functions and airline flight dispatching/ individual flight planning
• Evaluation of SESAR / SWIM (System Wide Information Management) functionality and overall system benefit assessment.

Partners:
The EUNADICS-AV consortium consists of 21 participating organizations from 12 different countries. It includes National Meteorological Services, Monitoring data providers, Operational Volcanologists, SME’s, a University institute, an Air Navigation Service provider and a Military Organization. For details see: http://www.eunadics.eu/project-partners.

Website & contact:
http://www.eunadics.eu/

Project MET4LOWW – MET-potentials for the Arrival and Departure Management

Duration:
2015 – 2018

Goal:
This FFG-Project’s aim is to improve safety and efficiency of air traffic by implementation of meteo-data by fast time simulation (NAVSIM) and to derive ATM-concepts.

Methodology:
The impact of different adverse weather and air traffic scenarios in ATM/ATC (operating figures for safety, capacity, cost-efficiency, and environment) are analyzed by fast time simulation to optimize arrival and departure management. Validation by Human in the Loop Simulation improves the operational air traffic management.

Implementation:
Wind fields and weather convective zones are integrated in an ATM/ATC simulator and appropriate side track and adaptation strategies are implemented. The basic Arrival/Departure concepts (AMAN/DMAN) and the time calculation on destined waypoints and derived from this the possibility of sequencing is applied to test meteorological impact in Arrival and Departure management. To validate the consequences of flying around storm and tempest cells ATM key performances are applied.

Results:
This project will be basis for an international validation testbed for future SESAR-solutions. Validation by Human in the Loop Simulation improves the operational air traffic management.

Publications:
see http://www.aero.sbg.ac.at/

Partners:
ACG Austrocontrol GmbH

Contact:
markus.kerschbaum@austrocontrol.at – Markus Kerschbaum – Austrocontrol GmbH.
roki@cosy.sbg.ac.at – Carl-Herbert Rokitansky – University of Salzburg

Project ROLL2RAIL – New dependable rolling stock for a more sustainable, intelligent and comfortable Rail Transport in Europe

Duration:
2015-2017

Goal:
The aim is to research on technologies and architectures to allow new generation of train communication systems based on wireless transmission for train control and monitoring (TCMS), functions and Infotainment, CCTV applications, thus reducing or even completely eliminating onboard communication cables and simplifying the train coupling procedure.

Methodology:
The results will contribute to the increase of the operational reliability (up to 50% for Roll2Rail) and to the reduction of the life cycle costs (up to 40% for Roll2Rail). By the end of the project, the following specific achievements will be fulfilled: Radio communications technology assessment for railways (onboard, train-to-train and train-to-ground), to increase reliability and reduce life cycle costs; Development of standard high level resilient architectures and physical interfaces for the train wireless communication systems, to drive their deployment in real products in the future.

Implementation:
Rail-ROLL2Rail aims to develop key technologies and to remove identified blocking points for innovation in the field of railway vehicles as part of a longer term strategy to revolutionize the rolling stock of the future. The results will be further developed, leading to demonstration in real vehicles or relevant environments.

Results:
UNIFE, the European Rail Industry launched an European Rail Research and development project meeting. This project was selected by the European Commission in the call of the HORIZON 2020 Programme. Shift2Rail. Within Shift2Rail-ROLL2Rail aims to develop key technologies and to remove idientified blocking points for innovaton in the field of railway vehicles as part of a longer term strategy to revolutionise the rolling stock of the future.
At the end of the project all the results will be further developed, leading to demonstration in real vehicles or relevant environments feeding into IP1 of Shift2Rail. Moreover, this project will deliver a set of technical recommendations and proposals of standarisation.

Publications:
http://www.unife.org/component/attachments/?task=download&id=418
http://www.unife.org/component/attachments/?task=download&id=417
http://www.unife.org/component/attachments/?task=download&id=416
http://www.unife.org/component/attachments/?task=download&id=420
http://www.unife.org/component/attachments/?task=download&id=419
http://www.unife.org/news/115-kick-off-of-three-shift2rail-lighthouse-projects-roll2rail-it2rail-and-in2rail.html
http://unife.org/research/horizon2020-projects/recently-launched.html

Partners:
Alstom, Ansaldobreda, Bombardier, Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarilles, Ceit, Deutsche Bahn, Faiveley Transport Group, Fraunhofer Forschung, Intitut Francais des Sciences et Technologies des Transports de l’Amenagement des Reseaux, Ikerlan, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Knorr-Bremse, Metro Madrid, Network Rail UK, Politechnico di Milano, D’Appolinia S.P.A, Siemens, SNCF, Talgo, Trafikverket, Trenitalia, Unicontrols, UNIFE, University of Praha, University of Karlova, University of Southampton, University Salzburg, University of Zilina, Université de Technologie de Compiègne, Virtual Vehicle, Vossloh AG

Website:
http://www.roll2rail.eu/

Contact:
Andrea.Demadonna@unife.org – Andrea Demadonna – UNIFE
xavier.allard@transport.alstom.com – Xavier Allard – Alstom
roki@cosy.sbg.ac.at – Carl-Herbert Rokitansky – University Salzburg

Project VDL2 – VDL Mode 2 Capacity and Performance Analysis

Duration:
June 2014 – May 2015

Goal:
The Objective of the study is to provide SESAR and the entire ATM community with a reliable picture concerning the VDL2 capability to support the evolution and the exploitation of DL services over the next years, when its limitations will be reached and what would be the consequences of reaching them, on the basis of the assumptions made.

Methodology:
Based on the simulation of the European air traffic up to 2040 (in 5 annual steps) the data communication of Air Traffic Services (ATS) and Aeronautical Operation Communications (AOC) at High Traffic Density and Medium Traffic Density will be determined. Based on in depth modelling of all the Air and Ground components, the simulation determined the VDL Mode 2 performance at the network level and also at each individual Ground Station level.

Implementation:
A cross-year analysis detailed, to provide an understanding of how the VDL Mode 2 datalink performances will decrease in comparison to increases of usage. Two areas of interest are deeply analysed, one representing the busiest airspace in Europe (including London, Paris and Brussels airports and centred on Lille) and an area with medium traffic (centered around Rome).
The topology model for this simulation reflects the existing geographical location of the Ground Stations (GS) in Europe. Although, the simulation does not consider the geographical redistribution of the stations, performance details per antenna are provided and the GS that are not performing well can clearly be identified for further investigation.

Results:
On the high density area, single frequency implementation is insufficient to service contemporary (2015) bandwidth demand. Progressive extension of VDL2 implementation to the four frequencies already allocated will alleviate the negative trend and postpone the bandwidth exhaustion horizon until 2025, or even later if a suitable network load balancing policy is implemented. On the medium density area, single frequency implementation will support service demand for another few years but not beyond 2020. Multi-frequency implementation, utilizing dedicated channels per traffic type (Airport, TMA/En-route) as well as dual squitter solution now pioneered by ENAV will postpone the sunset date to at least 2030, perhaps more if a suitable network load balancing policy is implemented.

Publications:
• Link 2000+ DLS CRO Performance Monitoring Requirements, Eurocontrol / Network Manager
• Directorate, David Isaac, Ed. 1.3, 19 May 2014
• Requirements for monitoring through VDL Mode 2 channels edition, 0.4 – Eurocontrol
• ICAO EUR FREQUENCY MANAGEMENT MANUAL, ICAO EUROPEANAND NORTH ATLANTIC OFFICE, Doc 011, Edition 2014
• Ad Hoc meeting on EUROCONTROL MF Roadmap, 2ndDecember 2013, EUROCONTROL Steven C. Bretmersky, Robert R. Murawski, and Vijay K. Konangi. “Characteristics and Capacity of VDL Mode 2, 3, and 4 Subnetworks”, Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication, Vol. 2, No. 11 (2005), pp. 470-489.

Partners:
ENAV (Project Manager of the consortium), University of Salzburg, ENAIRE, DFS, NATS, LFV supported by: DSNA, EasyJet, Air France, Lufthansa, SITA and Airbus.
The project partners expect such a study to represent a major enabler for clearing the future with the current uncertainties on which technological direction should be undertaken to secure the proper exploitation of the SESAR Future ATM Concept and by when, ultimately, significant R&D, standardisation, industrialisation and deployment activities should be displaced to overcome the risk of having, in the next future, the available air/ground communication infrastructure being a major impeding factor to the achievement of the expected improvements of the European ATM system toward the High Level Goals depicted by the European ATM Master Plan and, to a wider stack, by the ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan and the connected Aviation System Block Upgrades, by Horizon2020 and ultimately by the Flightpath 2050.

Contact:
michele.carandente@enav.it -Michele Carandente / ENAV
roki@cosy.sbg.ac.at -Carl-Herbert Rokitansky / University of Salzburg

Support for SESAR Project 15.2.4 started

The objective of the project is the development of an LDACS-1 Sub-System Emulator providing a behavioural and performance model of the LDACS1 A/G sub system on IPv6 layer. The LDACS-1 System Emulator shall be used in WA1.5 and WA 3 of SESAR P15.2.4 in order to evaluate and verify the proposed A/G subsystem candidates and the FCI concepts defined in WA 2. In WA1.5 the LDACS-1 System Emulator shall be integrated in the ALENIA (SELEX ES) simulation environment for evaluating the communication latency (RPAS vs future ATM) depending on predefined scenarios. In WA 3 this LDACS-1 System Emulator should be part of the P15.2.4 FCI verification infrastructure and supports the verification activities for the different FCI features, like Multilink concept, QoS management, Mobility, etc.

VDL Mode 2 Capacity and Performance Analysis started

The Objective of the study is to provide SESAR and the entire ATM community with a reliable picture concerning the VDL2 capability to support the evolution and the exploitation of DL services over the next years, when its limitations will be reached and what would be the consequences of reaching them, on the basis of the assumptions made. The project partners expect such a study to represent a major enabler for clearing the future with the current uncertainties on which technological direction should be undertaken to secure the proper exploitation of the SESAR Future ATM Concept and by when, ultimately, significant R&D, standardisation, industrialisation and deployment activities should be displaced to overcome the risk of having, in the next future, the available air/ground communication infrastructure being a major impeding factor to the achievement of the expected improvements of the European ATM system toward the High Level Goals depicted by the European ATM Master Plan and, to a wider stack, by the ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan and the connected Aviation System Block Upgrades, by Horizon2020 and ultimately by the Flightpath 2050.

ZeFMaP Project started

Researchers of the University of Salzburg started their work on the Zero Failure Management at Maximum Productivity in Safety Critical Control Rooms project.

English: Automation in control rooms generally has two main goals: One is to minimize the low-level or redundant tasks in which control room personnel must engage; the other is to support the high-level, rather complex decision making activities required of those same users. For the latter activities, users must often spend time and effort integrating information from several different sources and in several different formats. Then they must filter, sort, transform, and share that information. All of those activities impose a rather large and potentially overwhelming mental workload on decision makers, often necessitating some sort of decision support.

It is the goal of this project to define a permanent improvement process based on 4 steps – each proved in other domains – so that the SESAR targets can be reached with a much higher probability. The improvement process is validated in human-in-the-loop simulations of Hamburg airport conducted at the University of Salzburg.

Zero Failure Management at Maximum Productivity in Safety Critical Control Rooms. Experiment 2. Video: Thomas Gräupl.

Deutsch: Die Universität Salzburg ist an der Entwicklung neuer Vorschläge zur operativen Umsetzung der Flug-/Bodenverkehrssteuerung im Rahmen von SESAR („Single European Sky ATM Research“) beteiligt. Der Ablauf der Verkehrssteuerung wird am Beispiel des Flughafen Hamburgs durch „Human in the Loop“ Simulationen unter Teilnahme von Fluglotsen von EuroControl am Aviation Competence Center Salzburg (ACCS) auf fünf verschiedenen Arbeitsplätzen (Clearance Delivery, Ground Control, Apron 1, Apron 2 und Tower) nachgebildet. Dabei werden die heutigen Abläufe und die Unterstützung von Entscheidungen durch intelligente Tools für zukünftige Szenarien simuliert, validiert und optimiert.

Iris Communication Tool Project started

Researchers of the University of Salzburg started their work on the Iris Communication Tool project.

English: ESA is set to unveil a new interactive display at the air traffic control global exhibition in Amsterdam demonstrating communications via satellite for pilots as part of its pioneering Iris air traffic management project. By 2020 Iris will allow cockpit crews to exchange digital messages with air traffic controllers wherever they are over the oceans and continents.

The display shows how controllers will compose and send data messages to aircraft, and how the pilots will respond. A typical message might include instructions from controllers on what heading to take. Different screens show the controller’s view,  the pilot’s view, and the air traffic covered by the satellite. Built by the University of Salzburg, the display can be seen at the Air Traffic Control Global Exhibition and Conference in Amsterdam RAI during 6-8 March 2012.

Learn more at http://www.esa.int/esaTE/SEMNHI4Y1ZG_index_0.html

“Iris demonstration tool” concept art. Foto: USBG.

Deutsch: Die ESA wird auf der Air Traffic Control Messe in Amsterdam ein neues interaktives Display vorgestellen, das die Kommunikation per Satellit für Piloten demonstriert. Es ist Teil des zukunftsweisenden Projekts Iris für Luftverkehrsmanagement.

Ab 2020 wird es dank Iris für Flugzeugbesatzungen und Fluglotsen möglich sein, Daten digital auszutauschen, egal wo sie sich über den Ozeanen oder Kontinenten befinden. Das von der Universität Salzburg gebaute Display ist auf der internationalen Air Traffic Control Messe und Konferenz vom 6. bis zum 8. März 2012 in Amsterdam zu sehen.

Mehr auf http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMGZZ7YBZG_Austria_0.html

“Innovative An- und Abflugverfahren zur Erhöhung der Lebensqualität am Flughafen Salzburg” Project started

Researchers of the University of Salzburg started their work on the “Innovative An- und Abflugverfahren zur Erhöhung der Lebensqualität am Flughafen Salzburg” project.

English: The project „Innovative An- und Abflugverfahren zur Erhöhung der Lebensqualität am Flughafen Salzburg“ has the goal to study new and innovative arrival and departure routes to improve the quality of living in the surroundings of Salzburg Airport. It has the objective to assess the currently available arrival and departure routes on the basis of new technologies becoming available in the next few years. The focus is on improved satellite navigation technologies (esp. EGNOS, Galileo) enabling new, more sophisticated, routes. University of Salzburg contributed, among other work, the computation of the satellite visibility in the surroundings of Salzburg.

Learn more at http://www.euregio-salzburg.eu/system/web/projekte2.aspx?menuonr=223775373&detailonr=223775372

Projektteam des EuRegio Kleinprojektes. Foto: Flughafen Salzburg.

Deutsch: Die Machbarkeitsstudie “Innovative An- und Abflugverfahren zur Erhöhung der Lebensqualität am Flughafen Salzburg”, unterstützt durch das INTERREG IV A Programm der Europäischen Union, hat zum Ziel, aktuelle An- und Abflugrouten inkl. Verfahren sowie derzeit verfügbaren und für die kommenden Jahre verwertbare Technologien exakt darzustellen. Im Zentrum des Projektes stehen die Untersuchung innovativer An- und Abflugverfahren am Flughafen Salzburg unter Berücksichtigung von Satellitennavigation. Die Universität Salzburg hat dazu unter anderem Berechnungen zur Satellitensichtbarkeit beigetragen.